Fear Inoculum

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Fear Inoculum
Tool - Fear Inoculum.png
Studio album by
ReleasedAugust 30, 2019 (2019-08-30)
RecordedMarch 2018 – January 2019
Studio
Genre
Length86:38
Label
ProducerTool
Tool chronology
10,000 Days
(2006)
Fear Inoculum
(2019)
Singles from Fear Inoculum
  1. "Fear Inoculum"
    Released: August 7, 2019

Fear Inoculum is the fifth studio album by American rock band Tool. It was released on August 30, 2019, through Tool Dissectional, Volcano Entertainment, and RCA Records. It is the band's first album in 13 years, due to creative, personal, and legal issues band members encountered since the release of 10,000 Days. The album was released to critical acclaim, with reviewers generally agreeing that the band had successfully refined their established sound. The album topped the US Billboard 200 albums chart, their third album in a row to do so, selling over 270,000 album-equivalent units. The album topped five other national album charts in its opening week as well. Two songs off the album received Grammy Nominations, first single "Fear Inoculum", for the Grammy Award for Best Rock Song, and album closer "7empest", for the Grammy Award for Best Metal Performance.

Background[edit]

Writing[edit]

In 2006, Tool released their fourth studio album, 10,000 Days.[1] It topped the US Billboard 200 album chart and was certified platinum by the RIAA, indicating more than one million units sold, a month later.[1][2] The band toured heavily in support of the album, playing more than 200 shows through 2007.[3] After this, frontman Maynard James Keenan mentioned that he saw Tool breaking up in the near future, and focused on his side project, Puscifer.[4] However, by early 2008, at the 50th Grammy Awards, Keenan announced to MTV that the band would begin writing new material for their fifth studio album "right away".[5]

The band was quiet over the next few years, only with Tool's website announcing that guitarist Adam Jones, bassist Justin Chancellor, and drummer Danny Carey were working on instrumental material while Keenan focused his efforts on Puscifer.[4][6] The approach was consistent with what the band had done in the past, with Keenan waiting to write vocals and lyrics until instrumentals were completed.[7] In 2012, the band's website was updated again, with the webmaster writing that they had heard instrumental material that had "sounded like Tool…some of it reminiscent to earlier Tool stuff, with other parts pushing the envelope" and that they estimated that the album was around half done.[4][8]

Outside problems slowed progress on the album over the following years. In 2013, it was reported that two separate scooter accidents injured two undisclosed members of the band, eliminating nine days of planned “jamming” time.[9] Carey later revealed himself as one of the involved members, noting that he had been involved in a motorcycle accident that resulted in multiple cracked ribs, which caused him pain that further slowed recording.[4] Keenan summed up the album's progress at the time in a cooking analogy, explaining that "Basically right now it's a lot of ideas. There's no actual songs…It's still kind of noodles in a big basket. Lots of noodles, just no dishes."[4] In 2014, Jones and Carey revealed that complicated legal issues and court battles stemming from a 2007 lawsuit had been slowing down the process as well.[10] The issues stemmed from a lawsuit from a friend who claimed credit for artwork the band had used, but escalated after an insurance company involved sued the band over technicalities, leading to the band then counter-suing the insurance company.[10] The constant court battles and delays, coupled with other life obligations, limited the band's time for working on music, and drained members of their motivation to be creative and write music.[10] At the time, Carey stated that only one song was “pretty much done”, an untitled ten-minute track.[10] In 2015, Jones announced that the legal issues were completely over.[11]

The four of us are a lot of fucking work, just to get anywhere, oh my god. Everything’s a fucking committee meeting and it always gets shut down. [The hurdle is] success. When you get successful, you think you’re right about everything and you’re pretty sure as that individual — ‘I am right and you are wrong, because I’m successful and we’re successful because of me, not because of you.’ It’s not that bad with us, but there’s a dynamic of like, ‘I want this and I’ve always gotten my way and that’s why we’re successful, because I don’t compromise on this or that.’ I’m the same way. I’m totally the same way.[12]

Maynard James Keenan, on the creative struggles on writing Fear Inoculum.

Work on the album continued to progress through 2015 "slowly", according to Keenan.[4] Jones reported that the band had 20 different song ideas being developed.[13] The band toured, and debuted a new track, "Descending", in a shortened, incomplete form, according to Jones.[4] Jones also reported that instrumentals had been completed and passed on to Keenan to work on, though he hesitated to call any of the work "done".[4][13] While it was reported in early 2016 by the band's webmaster that it was largely just a few shorter songs and interludes that needed finishing,[14] by the end of the year, Chancellor described the band's status as still "deep into the writing process”.[15] He explained that while main themes and a loose "skeleton" had been established, Jones, Carey, and himself were continually creating and reworking new instrumental content.[15] This work on the album continued throughout 2017. At the time, Carey predicted finishing and releasing in mid-2018,[16] while Keenan countered these claims, stating it would likely take longer than that to finish.[4] Jones, Chancellor, and Carey continued to work on the album while Keenan returned to A Perfect Circle in late 2017 to work with Billy Howerdel to record and release their fourth studio album, Eat the Elephant, in early 2018. By February 2018, Keenan announced that he had received rough music files from the rest of the band members containing instrumentals labeled "FINAL" for all but one track on the album in the prior few months, and had since started writing lyrics and vocal melodies.[17]

In retrospect, Keenan recounted that the band constantly second-guessing themselves was a reason for the album taking so long, and that he believes the version of the album the band had going eight years ago in 2011 would have been "fantastic" too.[18] Chancellor noted that one of many guitar riffs used in the track “7empest” traced back to musical ideas written by Jones back in the mid-1990s. The band had tried to implement the riff into 10,000 Days without success as well.[18][19] Carey notes that there were no completed songs that were left off the album, but that there were many partial guitar riffs and jam sessions that went unused from the sessions.[20]

Recording[edit]

On March 10, 2018, Tool entered a major recording studio to start recording sessions with Joe Barresi, with whom they had worked on 10,000 Days.[7] On May 11, it was reported that all drum parts had been tracked.[4] In September, Keenan announced he had finished recording scratch vocals, but had not started final vocal takes.[7] Keenan recorded his vocals during the 2018 wine harvest at his Caduceus Cellars winery, resulting in him having to fit in his recording hours around his winemaking. - Barresi and engineer Mat Mitchell travelled to his Arizona home for the recording process.[21] In January 2019, Keenan announced that he had finished his final vocal recording sessions "months ago", but that the album would still likely require lengthy mixing sessions.[22] In the same month, Carey stated that they aimed to release the album in April 2019,[23] though Keenan countered that this was unrealistic, instead pointing to a release between May and July.[24] The band was in the studio with Bob Ludwig in March 2019; Ludwig had also mastered 10,000 Days.[25][26]

Composition and themes[edit]

The album consists of seven main tracks of music, and a run time just short of 80 minutes, the maximum runtime of CDs.[27] The digital version of the album contains three short interlude tracks, stemming from Carey's scrapped plan to have the album be entirely one long song.[28] Jones and Carey described the songs as lengthy, but containing multiple movements within each track.[29] The concept of seven is a recurring theme of the album both musically and conceptually; Chancellor and Jones wrote guitar riffs in unusual time signatures related to the number seven, while Keenan introduced ideas related to seven as well.[27] Future music videos will also cover the theme.[27] The album also explores the concept of growing "older and wiser".[30] Keenan explained that the album covers the idea of "embracing where we are right now, acknowledging where we've come from and some of the things we've gone through."[30] Keenan also advised that patience and multiple listens were required in understanding the album, comparing it to a slowly developing movie.[30] Jones described it as very different from their prior album 10,000 Days.[31] Music critics and journalists have described the album as progressive rock,[32][33] progressive metal,[34] and alternative metal.[32]

Release[edit]

The album was released on August 30, 2019, through the band's own Tool Dissectional imprint as well as Volcano Entertainment and RCA Records.[35][36] Prior to release, the band toured in May 2019 in North America.[37] It was reported in March that Jones had been working on album artwork, generally one of the last steps in the process.[38] The band began pre-album release touring in May, kicking it off with a headlining show at Welcome to Rockville, where they debuted two new songs, "Descending" and "Invincible".[39][40] The title was announced on July 29, 2019.[41] On August 2, 2019, the band's back catalogue was added to digital download and streaming outlets to promote the release,[42] with Tool being one of the few holdouts among major artists.[43] The album's cover art, revealed on August 5, was created by Alex Grey, who also created the art for the band's prior two albums.[27] The album's opening track and first single to be released from the album, also titled “Fear Inoculum” was released on August 7.[44] The song charted at number 93 on the Billboard Hot 100, and with its 10:21 runtime, became the longest song to ever enter the chart.[45][46][47]

Packaging and artwork[edit]

A deluxe edition of the album, which includes a full 4-inch HD screen (featuring original video material), a 2-watt speaker (featuring an additional song called "Recusant Ad Infinitum") and a 36-page insert book, was made available for pre-order on the same day as the digital edition of the album.[48] The band's European distributor Napalm Records has this available as well.[49]

Reception[edit]

Critical[edit]

Professional ratings
Aggregate scores
SourceRating
AnyDecentMusic?7.6/10[50]
Metacritic81/100[51]
Review scores
SourceRating
AllMusic4.5/5 stars[52]
Clash9/10[53]
Consequence of SoundA−[33]
Entertainment WeeklyB+[54]
Financial Times4/5 stars[55]
The Guardian4/5 stars[56]
Kerrang!5/5[57]
NME5/5 stars[58]
Pitchfork5.4/10[59]
Rolling Stone3.5/5 stars[60]

Fear Inoculum received acclaim from critics. At Metacritic, which assigns a normalized rating out of 100 to reviews from mainstream critics, the album has an average score of 81 out of 100, which indicates "universal acclaim" based on 23 reviews.[51] NME gave Fear Inoculum a perfect score, singling out Keenan's work as “perhaps the best collection of vocals that singer Keenan has ever committed to tape, with many lines exiting the vocalist’s lips closer to the honey daubed croon of Keenan's ... A Perfect Circle than the coarse rasp of yore” and concluding that the album was "worth the wait".[58] The Boston Globe agreed with the sentiment, praising the album for being "an 80-minute prog-metal fever dream that proves the band is back and better than ever."[34] The Atlantic praised the album for being as good as prior releases, describing it as "precise and devastating as it has always been" containing a "nearly unhandle-able amount of that Tool feeling."[61] Spin praised the album "continu[ing] to blur the lines between art, psychedelia, alt metal, and prog rock with undiminished curiosity and skill" while "remain[ing] defiantly contrary to the auto-tuned, digitally-quantized world in which we now live."[32]

Loudersound (formerly Metal Hammer) praised the album's density and layer of sound, and singling out Keenan's "grandiosity" and "emotional" vocals and the album's heaviest track, "7empest", as album highlights.[62] Wall of Sound and Loudwire also singled out the track as one of the best of the band's career, with the former concluding that with the album on a whole, the band had "not so much reinvented the wheel, as they have refined everything about this band that makes them so special in the first place."[63][64] AllMusic noted that all four band members sounded like they were performing at the peak of their career so far.[52] Clash felt the album was a good entry point for new fans if they had patience for the album's long song lengths, which they praised, but conceded were not in line with musical trends.[53] "7empest" was later nominated for the Grammy Award for Best Metal Performance, as was "Fear Inoculum" for the Grammy Award for Best Rock Song.[65]

The album was not praised by all critics. Pitchfork noted that "You get what is expected of an album over a decade in the making: a more mature, sometimes exciting collection that feels both overworked and undercooked ... It is hard to parse the difference between which choices here are wise and which are stale."[59]

Commercial[edit]

The album debuted atop the Billboard 200 chart on the issue dated September 14, 2019. It earned 270,000 album-equivalent units, of which 248,000 were album sales, and earned Tool their third US number-one album.[66] In the UK, Fear Inoculum debuted at number four with Lana Del Rey's Norman Fucking Rockwell! topping the chart that week.[67]

Track listing[edit]

All lyrics are written by Maynard James Keenan; all music is composed by Adam Jones, Danny Carey, Maynard James Keenan, and Justin Chancellor.

Physical version
No.TitleLength
1."Fear Inoculum"10:20
2."Pneuma"11:53
3."Invincible"12:44
4."Descending"13:37
5."Culling Voices"10:05
6."Chocolate Chip Trip" (instrumental)4:48
7."7empest"15:43
Total length:79:10
Digital version
No.TitleLength
1."Fear Inoculum"10:20
2."Pneuma"11:53
3."Litanie contre la peur" (instrumental; French for "Litany Against Fear")2:14
4."Invincible"12:44
5."Legion Inoculant" (instrumental)3:09
6."Descending"13:37
7."Culling Voices"10:05
8."Chocolate Chip Trip" (instrumental)4:48
9."7empest"15:43
10."Mockingbeat" (instrumental)2:05
Total length:86:38

Personnel[edit]

Credits and recording studios adapted from the album's liner notes.[68]

Charts[edit]

Chart (2019) Peak
position
Australian Albums (ARIA)[69] 1
Austrian Albums (Ö3 Austria)[70] 3
Belgian Albums (Ultratop Flanders)[71] 1
Belgian Albums (Ultratop Wallonia)[72] 4
Canadian Albums (Billboard)[73] 1
Czech Albums (ČNS IFPI)[74] 17
Danish Albums (Hitlisten)[75] 4
Dutch Albums (Album Top 100)[76] 3
Finnish Albums (Suomen virallinen lista)[77] 2
French Albums (SNEP)[78] 9
German Albums (Offizielle Top 100)[79] 2
Greek Albums (IFPI)[80] 10
Hungarian Albums (MAHASZ)[81] 5
Irish Albums (IRMA)[82] 4
Italian Albums (FIMI)[83] 2
Japan Hot Albums (Billboard Japan)[84] 29
Japanese Albums (Oricon)[85] 44
Lithuanian Albums (AGATA)[86] 8
New Zealand Albums (RMNZ)[87] 1
Norwegian Albums (VG-lista)[88] 1
Polish Albums (ZPAV)[89] 6
Scottish Albums (OCC)[90] 2
Spanish Albums (PROMUSICAE)[91] 3
Swedish Albums (Sverigetopplistan)[92] 7
Swiss Albums (Schweizer Hitparade)[93] 2
UK Albums (OCC)[94] 4
US Billboard 200[66] 1

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